Wednesday, January 19, 2011

Science and Religion: my thoughts in a nutshell

Challenged by a friend of mine, I've tried to briefly summarize my current position on Science and Religion in a few lines below. Probably this is too narrow, but it might be a good start for a discussion.

Science and Scriptures:
The two accounts of creation in Genesis differ. In the first one, man and woman are created after animals are, while in the second one man is created first, then the animals, and finally the woman. This, which is obviously long known, together with other examples, clearly points out that Scripture in general is not meant to be a scientific description of the world, nor, I think, was it written with that intention.

Science and Faith:
From the same loving God comes both the profane reality and that of faith, consequently they cannot truly conflict. Even more, honest scientists in their efforts to research into the mysteries of reality are like led by God, who holds all things in existence and gives them their identity. ( Gaudium et Spes 36, to which I agree. This is my careful creative reading.)

Natural Laws and God's mighty freedom (i.e, miracles) :
I see miracles not as something opposed to the natural order of the world, but as the opening of the world itself to the constant overflowing presence of God. The almightiness of our loving God is not some sort of higher human-like power, that will solve our problems, as some may say, - remember Jesus dying on the cross! - no!, rather, confessing a pantocrator God is more like saying that there is no place where His presence makes no difference.

Thoughts? Comments?

Friday, January 14, 2011

Angel doing theological exercises

Angel doing theological exercises
Sometimes the theological discurse looks like yoga contortions: once you got used to them they might be a comfortable and liberating place, but do not ask everyone to live performing yoga.

Some weeks ago I was with some friends of mine, and end up talking about God, while we where having some drinks late night. We were two Christians and four people questioning us about this very strange thing of the existence of "believers¨. Maybe these situation sounds strange to you, but in Spain, less and less people is worshiping God these days, so we are quite rare and interesting specimens.

They asked. Is it not that you believe in God as an excuse to be a good person? Does not people have faith because it is too difficult to understand scientifically this complex world, so you invent an unneeded hypothesis?  How do you know God and what is to believe in Him/It?

Thus, I pull out my theological tools and start talking about Faith and Revelation. About different ways that people claim to know God and how faith is the appropriate response. And I talk about Jesus and try to speak also from my own life. All in all, a quite interesting conversation but it seems not a very transformative one. Maybe too many words?

In that moment, the only guy that didn't speak before, go and says: "To me believing in God means to believe that we are all brothers and sisters, or if you like, that we all have the same heavenly Father. And this implies to love as I [Jesus] loved you." I wish I could have change all my talking buy this simple sentence, which probably was all that was needed at that time. Thank you, Óscar.  

Wednesday, January 5, 2011

And the shepherds, were they crazy?

Either because we usually know the biblical texts almost by heart, or because the world they talk about is now so far away from us, sometimes we do not realize how radical the good news of the gospel are. Or at least that is indeed what happens to me. Thus, when someone like Richard Beck offers on his blog an approach to the Christmas scene of the shepherds from the point of view of social psychology, his words come like a fresh air that takes us back to the same place where the shepherd were guarding the flock, just at the moment before the angel appeared with news of a great joy for all the people.

The shepherds, according to what Richard Beck suggests, would have a psychology similar to that of herding societies, ie, they would be -according to some academic studies- more violent and retaliatory than the peaceful farmers. The psychological difference between the herding and farming societies seems easy to explain. It is hard to steal from a farmer. The harvest is only ready for some part of the year and even so, during one night two thieves would not be able to get much. Conversely, two men can very easily still the sheep from a shepherd or the caws from a ranger. The shepherds have to stay vigilant day and night all day round. If you had all your savings, and stock options in a pile in your yard, you would surely watch it closely! Thus, because of these differences, the herding societies develop a "culture of honour" in which retaliation is very important, while the farming cultures would be less violent and more peaceful.

Now, if we look again to the scene of the shepherds, our shock and amazement cannot but increase in the light of this explanation. The shepherds, after hearing the good news of a new born child, and after listening to the heavenly host proclaiming peace on earth, they decide to leave the sheep and go to look for a baby! The gospel tells us that they hurried to see the baby, thus, even if nowhere we get explicitly that they left the flock unattended, it is quite logical to assume so. Were they crazy, the shepherds, to do this? I like to think that this was one of the miracles of the Christmas night. For one day, they stopped being afraid and were filled with the good news of the Kingdom that is coming, as it were already there. They believed the angels saying "Peace on earth".

Finally, the story of the shepherds reminds me of another story, the parable of the good shepherd, the one that leave ninety-nine sheep! just to go for one sheep that is lost. So great is the love of God that our way of leaving becomes not of this world.

In that region there were shepherds living in the fields, keeping watch over their flock by night. Then an angel of the Lord stood before them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were terrified. But the angel said to them,  ‘Do not be afraid; for see—I am bringing you good news of great joy for all the people: to you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, who is the Messiah, the Lord. This will be a sign for you: you will find a child wrapped in bands of cloth and lying in a manger.’ And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host,praising God and saying, ‘Glory to God in the highest heaven, and on earth peace among those whom he favours!’

When the angels had left them and gone into heaven, the shepherds said to one another, ‘Let us go now to Bethlehem and see this thing that has taken place, which the Lord has made known to us.’ So they went with haste and found Mary and Joseph, and the child lying in the manger.

This post was very inspired and much followed Richard Beck´s one, that you can find here